DOI: 10.1002/cta.3776 ISSN:

Sensorless model predictive control based on I‐f integrated sliding mode observer for surface permanent magnet synchronous motor

Pu Liu, Yibo Cui, Cong Wang, Yan Liang, Zhongting Chang, Kun Han, Siyuan Shen, Guangjie Zuo
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


Due to the limited fast dynamic response of the dual proportional‐integral (PI) control strategy in sensorless speed control, a novel composite control strategy is proposed for sensorless control of the full speed range of the surface‐mounted permanent magnet synchronous motor. This strategy combines dual closed‐loop model predictive control (MPC) with a sliding mode observer (SMO) and a constant current‐frequency ratio (I‐f). The I‐f control scheme is employed in the low‐speed range, while the SMO is utilized for motor speed and rotor position estimation in the medium and high‐speed ranges, enabling the dual‐loop MPC. Furthermore, a new smooth switching method is proposed for transitioning between the two control methods. In addition, the MPC outer loop parameters were thoroughly analyzed and optimized for better dynamic performance of sensorless control. The steady‐state performance of this control strategy is compared to PI control and improved the dynamic responsiveness of the system. Experiments have verified the feasibility of this strategy. Under the control of the MPC outer loop, the steady‐state speed fluctuation of the motor is within 10 r/min. Compared to PI control, the motor settling time was reduced by 17% and 60% during the start‐up phase and after a sudden speed change, respectively.

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