DOI: 10.1002/zamm.202100536 ISSN:

Frequency stability analysis of a cantilever viscoelastic CNT conveying fluid on a viscoelastic Pasternak foundation and under axial load based on nonlocal elasticity theory

Ahmad Mamandi
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computational Mechanics


In this paper, the frequency stability analysis of a fluid conveying cantilever viscoelastic carbon nanotube (CNT) in the Kelvin–Voigt material model with slip boundary condition (BC) regime on a viscoelastic Pasternak foundation and under axial load has been performed based on nonlocal Euler–Bernoulli thin beam theory. The governing partial differential equation of motion (EOM) and its associated BCs have been derived using the Hamilton principle. The governing EOM has been converted into an ordinary differential equation using mode summation technique and solved by applying the extended Galerkin method. Then, the frequency stability analysis has been carried out for the vibrational response of CNT in the state‐space form. The obtained results have been validated with the literature works. The effect of changes of various parameters like elastic stiffness, shear stiffness and damping coefficients of foundation, nonlocal scale‐effect parameter of the nanotube, fluid flow Knudsen number, mass ratio, structural damping of the nanotube and applied axial force have been investigated in terms of frequency to predict the occurrence of different instability modes for the system. It is concluded that flutter and divergence instabilities in the vibration of the viscoelastic CNT are significantly affected by changes of different above‐mentioned parameters.

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