DOI: 10.3390/app13179752 ISSN:

Self-Start Characteristics of Hypersonic Inlet When Multiple Unstart Modes Exist

Xiao Tang, Bing Xiong, Xiaoqiang Fan, Liang Wang
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

Intense shock boundary-layer interaction may lead to multiple unstart modes existing in a hypersonic inlet. Thus, self-start problems become complex and cannot be explained using the classical double-solution theory of air inlet. The essence of the self-start process of a hypersonic inlet is the vanishment of separations near or in the inlet. To clarify self-start characteristics, experiments were conducted on three distinct types of unstart mode: the flow mode of small separation on body (SSB), large separation on body (LSB), and dual separations on both body and lip (DSBL); researchers recently discovered these as the unstart modes of hypersonic inlet. The results from the current experiment are as follows: (1) The SSB vanishes by raising the angle of attack (alpha). Before the vanishing point is reached, there is a dwindling process for this separation. (2) The LSB vanishes through acceleration or a decreasing alpha. (3) DSBL are difficult to vanish directly, which results in poor self-start performance. However, the DSBL flow mode may convert to LSB unstart form—which is easier to self-start—by decreasing the alpha. The Flow Field Reconstruction Method was designed to improve the self-start of the DSBL flow mode, and it was validated through experiments. Analysis of the flow mechanism revealed the reason for the poor self-start performance of the DSBL unstart mode: large-scale separation on the lip side cannot be promoted to vanish through broadwise spillage due to the resistance of sideboards. The results of this study could greatly enrich the existing theory of start problems for hypersonic inlets.

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