DOI: 10.1063/5.0164439 ISSN:

On non-Newtonian fluid flow generated via complex metachronal waves of cilia with magnetic, hall, and porous effects

Zeeshan Asghar, Muhammad Waris Saeed Khan, Amjad Ali Pasha, Mustafa Mutiur Rahman, L. Sankaralingam, Mohammad Irfan Alam
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cilia beating influences bio-fluid flow, and conduits with ciliated surfaces serve numerous purposes. Cilia are hair-like adjuncts that produce liquid drive and cell locomotion. This novel research integrates magnetohydrodynamics, Hall effects, and porous medium with the cilia-driven flow. The developed problem is further simplified by utilizing famous assumptions, i.e., low Reynolds number and large wavelength. The bvp5c function in MATLAB (2023a) is adopted to achieve a convergent solution. The graphical illustrations of streamlines, pressure drop, and axial velocity under the influence of pertinent parameters are thoroughly examined. The findings suggest that when a high magnetic field (Hall current) and porous media are combined with the Carreau–Yasuda fluid, the pumping equipment operates better than the viscous liquid. In addition, fluid movement in biological organs is improved by metachronal ciliary motion. Furthermore, it is predicted that this study will make a significant contribution to biomedical engineering in terms of the upgrading and advancement of various types of drug-delivery technologies.

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