Ruscogenin Alleviates Myocardial Ischemia via Myosin IIA-Dependent Mitochondrial Fusion and Fission BalanceJin-Cheng Liu, Qing-Fei Zhao, Ling Zhang, Bo-Yang Yu, Fang Li, Jun-Ping Kou
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- General Medicine
Ruscogenin (RUS), a major effective steroidal sapogenin derived from Ophiopogon japonicas, has been reported to alleviate myocardial ischemia (MI), but its cardioprotective mechanism is still not completely clear. In this study, we observed that RUS markedly reduced MI-induced myocardial injury, as evidenced by notable reductions in infarct size, improvement in biochemical markers, alleviation of cardiac pathology, amelioration of mitochondrial damage, and inhibition of myocardial apoptosis. Moreover, RUS notably suppressed oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-triggered cell injury and apoptosis. Notably, RUS demonstrated a considerable decrease of the interaction between myosin IIA and F-actin, along with the restoration of mitochondrial fusion and fission balance. We further confirmed that the effects of RUS on MI were mediated by myosin IIA using siRNA and overexpression techniques. The inhibition of myosin IIA resulted in a significant improvement of mitochondrial fusion and fission imbalance, while simultaneously counteracting the beneficial effects of RUS. By contrast, overexpression of myosin IIA aggravated the imbalance between mitochondrial fusion and fission and partially weakened the protection of RUS. These findings suggest that myosin IIA is essential or even a key functional protein in the cardioprotection of RUS. Overall, our results have elucidated an undiscovered mechanism involving myosin IIA-dependent mitochondrial fusion and fission balance for treating MI. Furthermore, our study has uncovered a novel mechanism underlying the protective effects of RUS.