Role of exosomal miRNA-19a/19b and PTEN in brain tumor diagnosisNida Sarosh Ashraf, Ishrat Mahjabeen, Muhammad Zahid Hussain, Muhammad Rizwan, Maryam Arshad, Azhar Mehmood, Muhammad Shahbaz Haris, Mahmood Akhtar Kayani
- Cancer Research
- General Medicine
Aim: The current study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic significance of the exosomal miRNAs miR-19a and miR-19b and the PTEN gene in brain tumor patients versus controls. Methods: Exosomes were extracted from the serum samples of 400 brain tumor patients and 400 healthy controls. The exosomes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and ELISA. Quantitative PCR was used to analyze selected exosome miRNAs and gene expression levels. Results: Analysis showed significant deregulated expression of miR-19a (p < 0.0001), miR-19b (p < 0.0001) and PTEN (p < 0.001) in patients versus controls. Spearman correlation showed a significant correlation among the selected exosomal miRNAs and the PTEN gene. Conclusion: Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed the good diagnostic value of exosomal miRNAs and the PTEN gene in brain tumor patients.