DOI: 10.3390/en16176331 ISSN:

Review of Methods for Evaluating the Energy Efficiency of Vehicles with Conventional and Alternative Power Plants

Vasyl Mateichyk, Nataliia Kostian, Miroslaw Smieszek, Igor Gritsuk, Valerii Verbovskyi
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

The evaluation of the energy efficiency of vehicles in operating conditions is used to solve management and control tasks in intelligent transport systems. The modern world fleet is characterized by an increase in the share of vehicles with alternative power plants (hybrid, electric, and hydrogen fuel cells). At the same time, vehicles with conventional power plants (internal combustion engines) remain in operation. A wide range of modern power plants determines the relevance of studying the advantages and limitations of existing methods of evaluating the vehicle energy efficiency, delineating the application scope and highlighting promising directions for their further development. The article systematizes the methods of evaluation and management of the energy efficiency of vehicles with conventional and alternative power plants. Special attention is paid to the assessment of energy consumption per unit of transport work at the stage of vehicle operation, taking into account various operational factors. The concept of a 3D morphological model of the transport system for evaluating the energy efficiency of vehicles is presented. An algorithm for the optimization of the current transport system configuration according to the criterion of an increase in the energy efficiency indicator is given.

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