DOI: 10.3390/en16176356 ISSN:

Computation of High-Order Sensitivities of Model Responses to Model Parameters—II: Introducing the Second-Order Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Methodology for Computing Response Sensitivities to Functions/Features of Parameters

Dan Gabriel Cacuci
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

This work introduces a new methodology, which generalizes the extant second-order adjoint sensitivity analysis methodology for computing sensitivities of model responses to primary model parameters. This new methodology enables the computation, with unparalleled efficiency, of second-order sensitivities of responses to functions of uncertain model parameters, including uncertain boundaries and internal interfaces, for linear and/or nonlinear models. Such functions of primary model parameters customarily describe characteristic “features” of the system under consideration, including correlations modeling material properties, flow regimes, etc. The number of such “feature” functions is considerably smaller than the total number of primary model parameters. By enabling the computations of exact expressions of second-order sensitivities of model responses to model “features”, the number of required large-scale adjoint computations is greatly reduced. As shown in this work, obtaining the first- and second-order sensitivities to the primary model parameters from the corresponding response sensitivities to the feature functions can be performed analytically, thereby involving just the respective function/feature of parameters rather than the entire model. By replacing large-scale computations involving the model with relatively trivial computations involving just the feature functions, this new second-order adjoint sensitivity analysis methodology reaches unsurpassed efficiency. The applicability and unparalleled efficiency of this “2nd-Order Function/Feature Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Methodology” (2nd-FASAM) is illustrated using a paradigm particle transport model that involves feature functions of many parameters, while admitting closed-form analytic solutions. Ongoing work will generalize the mathematical framework of the 2nd-FASAM to enable the computation of arbitrarily high-order sensitivities of model responses to functions/features of model parameters.

More from our Archive