DOI: 10.3390/sym15091651 ISSN:

Research Progress of Topological Quantum Materials: From First-Order to Higher-Order

Bing Liu, Wenjun Zhang
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Mathematics
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

The exploration of topologically nontrivial states in condensed matter systems, along with their novel transport properties, has garnered significant research interest. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of representative topological phases, starting from the initial proposal of the quantum Hall insulator. We begin with a concise introduction, followed by a detailed examination of first-order topological quantum phases, including gapped and gapless systems, encompassing relevant materials and associated phenomena in experiment. Subsequently, we delve into the realm of exotic higher-order topological quantum phases, examining both theoretical propositions and experimental findings. Moreover, we discuss the mechanisms underlying the emergence of higher-order topology, as well as the challenges involved in experimentally verifying materials exhibiting such properties. Finally, we outline future research directions. This review not only systematically surveys various types of topological quantum states, spanning from first-order to higher-order, but also proposes potential approaches for realizing higher-order topological phases, thereby offering guidance for the detection of related quantum phenomena in experiments.

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