DOI: 10.1063/5.0163922 ISSN:

Coherence modulation for anti-turbulence deep learning recognition of vortex beam

Junan Zhu, Hao Zhang, Zhiquan Hu, Xingyuan Lu, Qiwen Zhan, Yangjian Cai, Chengliang Zhao
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Acquiring topological charge in real-time for vortex beams encounters numerous challenges due to the turbulent atmosphere and coherence degradation. We propose an experimental scheme employing the strong detail extraction capability of deep neural networks to recognize the topological charge of partially coherent vortex beams propagating through the turbulent atmosphere and encountering unknown obstacles. Notably, coherence modulation has demonstrated advantages in deep neural network-based recognition. By comparing with high-coherence vortex beams, the deep neural network accurately recognizes topological charges for low-coherence vortex beams using only half of the available dataset. Furthermore, when the turbulent atmosphere and obstacles were considered, the accuracy of low-coherence vortex beams surpassed that of high-coherence vortex beams with equal amounts of training data. Additionally, the encrypted optical communication using partially coherent vortex beams was demonstrated. The coherence parameter significantly enhanced the channel capacity. This study holds potential for applications in free-space optical communication.

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