DOI: 10.3390/app13179721 ISSN:

Research on Structural Parameter Optimization and Springback Compensation Methods of a Steel Bar Hoop Bending Machine

Jianxiong Wei, Jianhua Ren, Zhengwei Zhou, Yanwei Xie
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

After being processed into a certain shape by a stirrup bending machine, steel bars are used as the skeleton of reinforced concrete in construction. The accuracy of their bending directly affects the bearing capacity of reinforced concrete. In order to improve the accuracy of the springback angle of steel bars after bending, this paper focuses on optimizing the structural parameters of the steel bar bending machine and controlling the springback angle of steel bars. The influence of the support shaft diameter, bending crankshaft diameter, and bending crankshaft radius on the springback angle of steel bars is analyzed using ANSYS explicit dynamic simulation and experimental analysis. By combining orthogonal experimental methods, the bending structural parameters were optimized, including a support shaft diameter of 20 mm, a crankshaft bending diameter of 40 mm, and a crankshaft bending radius of 80 mm. This can effectively reduce the springback angle of the steel bars and improve the accuracy of the bending angle after bending. In addition, in order to improve the control accuracy of the steel bar springback angle, a cubic spline interpolation method was proposed, and the collected steel bar springback angle data were fitted using Matlab. At the same time, comparisons were made between the least squares method, polynomial interpolation method, and cubic spline interpolation method. The results show that the compensation formula obtained by using the cubic spline interpolation method can effectively improve the control accuracy of the steel bar bending springback angle.

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