DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slad107 ISSN: 1745-3925

Primordial power spectrum in light of JWST observations of high redshift galaxies

Priyank Parashari, Ranjan Laha
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


Early data releases of JWST have revealed several high redshift massive galaxy candidates by photometry, and some of them have been confirmed spectroscopically. We study their implications on the primordial power spectrum. In the first part, we use the CEERS photometric survey data, along with respective spectroscopic updates, to compute the cumulative comoving stellar mass density. We find that a very high star formation efficiency (unlikely in various theoretical scenarios) is required to explain these observations within Lambda cold dark matter (ΛCDM) cosmology. We show that the tension can be eased if the primordial power spectrum has a blue tilt. In the second part, we study spectroscopically confirmed galaxies reported in the JADES survey to investigate their implications on a red-tilted primordial power spectrum. We estimate the star formation efficiency from an earlier observation at similar redshift by Spitzer, and find that the star formation efficiency is an order of magnitude smaller than required to explain the CEERS photometric observations mentioned earlier. Using the estimated star formation efficiency, we find the strongest constraints on the red tilt of the power spectrum over some scales. Our study shows that JWST will be an excellent probe of the power spectrum and can lead to novel discoveries.

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