DOI: 10.3390/pr12030566 ISSN: 2227-9717

Performance Comparison of High-Temperature Heat Pumps with Different Vapor Refrigerant Injection Techniques

Yuqiang Yang, Yu Wang, Zhaoyang Xu, Baojiang Xie, Yong Hu, Jiatao Yu, Yehong Chen, Ting Zhang, Zhenneng Lu, Yulie Gong
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Bioengineering

In order to develop a highly efficient and stable high-temperature heat pump to realize high-efficient electrification in the industrial sector, performance of high-temperature heat pumps with a flash tank vapor injection and sub-cooler vapor injection are compared under different evaporation temperatures, condensation temperatures, compressor suction superheat degrees, subcooling degrees and compressor isentropic efficiencies. The results show that the COP, injection mass flow ratio and VHC of the FTVC are higher than those of the SVIC-0, SVIC-5, SVIC-10 and SVIC-20 under the same working conditions, while the discharge temperature of the FTVC is approximately equal to that of the SVIC-0 and lower than those of the SVIC-5, SVIC-10 and SVIC-20. When the evaporation temperature, the condensation temperature and injection pressure are 55 °C, 125 °C and 921.4 kPa, respectively, the system COP of the FTVC is 4.49, which is approximately 6.7%, 7.3%, 7.8% and 8.9% higher than those of the SVIC-0, SVIC-5, SVIC-10, and SVIC-20, respectively.

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