DOI: 10.1063/1.98799 ISSN:

Organic electroluminescent diodes

C. W. Tang, S. A. VanSlyke
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

A novel electroluminescent device is constructed using organic materials as the emitting elements. The diode has a double-layer structure of organic thin films, prepared by vapor deposition. Efficient injection of holes and electrons is provided from an indium-tin-oxide anode and an alloyed Mg:Ag cathode. Electron-hole recombination and green electroluminescent emission are confined near the organic interface region. High external quantum efficiency (1% photon/electron), luminous efficiency (1.5 lm/W), and brightness (>1000 cd/m2) are achievable at a driving voltage below 10 V.