DOI: 10.1097/gox.0000000000004142 ISSN: 2169-7574

Operation-related Musculoskeletal Injuries among United States Surgeons: A Gender-stratified National Survey

Maria Tran, Michael W. Kortz, Britt Johnson, Jeffrey E. Janis
  • Surgery
  • General Medicine


Operation-related musculoskeletal injury (ORMI) among surgeons is a well-described phenomenon. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of self-reported ORMI among surgeons of various subspecialties and preliminarily investigate the role of gender.


An anonymous survey, querying information pertinent to ORMIs, was distributed online through the American College of Surgeons community membership forum. Nonparametric univariate analysis and a multivariate regression model were conducted. A P value of 0.05 determined significance.


A total of 624 male and female surgeons responded to the survey, with 50.8% reporting having an injury related to operating. Among the entire cohort, the prevalence of ORMI was significantly higher among female surgeons than male surgeons (P = 0.01), although there was no significant difference among the genders in ORMI prevalence when stratifying by age group (all P > 0.05).


Female surgeons are more likely to report an ORMI, although the impact of confounding variables such as age, operative case volume, and surgical subspecialty remain to be fully elucidated.

More from our Archive