DOI: 10.1002/smsc.202300259 ISSN: 2688-4046

One‐Step Synthesis of Copper Single‐Atom Nanozymes for Electrochemical Sensing Applications

Guillermo Tostado‐Blazquez, Saptami Suresh Shetty, Saravanan Yuvaraja, Jose L. Cerrillo, Veerappan Mani, Khaled Nabil Salama
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • General Environmental Science

Single‐atom nanozymes (SANs) combine the natural enzymatic properties of nanomaterials with the atomic distribution of metallic sites over a suitable support. Unfortunately, their synthesis is complicated by some key factors, like poor metallic loading, aggregation, time consumption, and low yield. Herein, copper SANs, with a surface metal loading (1.47% ± 0.16%) are synthesized, through a green, facile, minimal solution processing, single‐step procedure, using a CO2 laser to promote the anchoring of the metallic precursor while simultaneously generating the laser‐scribed graphene (LSG) support out of a polyimide sheet. The presence of the atomic Cu on the LSG surface is verified using high‐angle‐annular dark‐field–scanning transmission electron microscopy and X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy. To explore the advantages incurred by the incorporation of Cu SANs on LSG, the material is used as a working electrode on an electrochemical sensor for the amperometric detection of H2O2, achieving a detection limit of 2.40 μM. The findings suggest that CuSANs can confer enhanced sensitivity to H2O2, which is essential for oxidative stress assessment, reaching values up to 130.0 μA mM−1 cm−2.

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