Fabien Buisseret, Nicolas Draye, Camille Di Santo, Jocelyn Pacewicz, Johanna Pannetier, Frédéric Dierick, Frédéric Telliez

Occupational Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders among Workers in Dairy Diversification

  • Health Information Management
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy
  • Leadership and Management

Background: In a changing European agricultural context, diversification of dairy farms is gaining attention. This study seeks to (1) assess musculoskeletal pain prevalence associated with tasks such as butter, yogurt, and cheese production; and (2) analyze associated risks. Methods: Observing 31, mostly female, workers, we utilized the ERGOROM questionnaire, a methodology adapted from the Institut National de Recherche et de Sécurité, and Key Indicator Method forms. Results: Findings revealed that tasks like load carrying (42% of workers), manual work (17%), and awkward postures (14%) resulted in musculoskeletal pain, predominantly in the lower back (65%), neck (39%), and dominant upper limb areas (shoulder: 61%, elbow: 26%, and wrist: 65%). While psychosocial risks remained low, concerns arose from workload, hygiene standards, and resource unpredictability. Conclusions: As dairy farming evolves from artisanal to semi-industrial, our study emphasizes the importance of ergonomic adaptations to protect farmers’ health and prevent musculoskeletal disorders during diversification.

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