DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202308946 ISSN: 1616-301X

Multivariate Metal–Organic Frameworks for Programming Functions

Wentao Jiang, Cong‐Cong Liang, Yue‐Biao Zhang
  • Electrochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Biomaterials
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


Multivariate metal–organic frameworks (MTV‐MOFs) provide a handle over programming MOF's physicochemical properties for use in functional applications. In this review, the state‐of‐art design features of MTV‐MOFs are summarized, including multivariate functionalities, mixed metals, and post‐synthetic modification, and highlight their resulting fine‐tuned performance in practical applications, such as gas storage, gas separation, water harvesting, luminescence sensing, heterogeneous catalysis, and drug delivery. Furthermore, a vision is provided for future research avenues, in which MTV‐MOFs enable the incorporation of a variety of functionalities, metals, linkers, secondary building units (SBUs), and pore metrics along a specific crystallographic direction with respect to the ordered backbone. Future directions focus on mechanistic and kinetics investigations into the formation of MTV‐MOFs in addition to high‐throughput screening with the aim of automation and artificial intelligence.

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