DOI: 10.3390/math11234831 ISSN: 2227-7390

Multiple Hopf Bifurcations of Four Coupled van der Pol Oscillators with Delay

Liqin Liu, Chunrui Zhang
  • General Mathematics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

In this paper, a system of four coupled van der Pol oscillators with delay is studied. Firstly, the conditions for the existence of multiple periodic solutions of the system are given. Secondly, the multiple periodic solutions of spatiotemporal patterns of the system are obtained by using symmetric Hopf bifurcation theory. The normal form of the system on the central manifold and the bifurcation direction of the bifurcating periodic solutions are derived. Finally, numerical simulations are attached to demonstrate our theoretical results.