DOI: 10.1098/rsfs.2023.0030 ISSN: 2042-8901

Modifications of long-term heart rate variability produced in an experimental model of diet-induced metabolic syndrome

W. M. Lozano, J. E. Ortiz-Guzmán, O. Arias-Mutis, A. Bizy, P. Genovés, L. Such-Miquel, A. Alberola, F. J. Chorro, M. Zarzoso, C. J. Calvo
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Bioengineering
  • Biophysics
  • Biotechnology

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been linked to a higher prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias, the most frequent being atrial fibrillation, but the mechanisms are not well understood. One possible underlying mechanism may be an abnormal modulation of autonomic nervous system activity, which can be quantified by analysing heart rate variability (HRV). Our aim was to investigate the modifications of long-term HRV in an experimental model of diet-induced MetS to identify the early changes in HRV and the link between autonomic dysregulation and MetS components. NZW rabbits were randomly assigned to control ( n = 10) or MetS ( n = 10) groups, fed 28 weeks with high-fat, high-sucrose diet. 24-hour recordings were used to analyse HRV at week 28 using time-domain, frequency-domain and nonlinear analyses. Time-domain analysis showed a decrease in RR interval and triangular index (Ti). In the frequency domain, we found a decrease in the low frequency band. Nonlinear analyses showed a decrease in DFA-α1 and DFA-α2 (detrended fluctuations analysis) and maximum multiscale entropy. The strongest association between HRV parameters and markers of MetS was found between Ti and mean arterial pressure, and Ti and left atrial diameter, which could point towards the initial changes induced by the autonomic imbalance in MetS.

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