DOI: 10.3390/machines11121073 ISSN: 2075-1702

Modal Balancing of Warped Rotors without Trial Runs Using the Numerical Assembly Technique

Georg Quinz, Gregor Überwimmer, Michael Klanner, Katrin Ellermann
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Systems Engineering

The increasing use of high-speed machinery leads to a growing demand for efficient balancing methods for flexible rotors. Conventional balancing methods are costly and time-consuming since they require multiple trial runs. For this reason, recent research focuses on model-based balancing methods, which substitute measurements with simulations. This work presents and examines a model-based modal balancing method, which utilizes the Numerical Assembly Technique (NAT) for the in situ balancing of warped rotors with flexible behaviour. NAT is a successive modification of discrete–continuous modelling that leads to analytical harmonic solutions and is very computationally efficient. In this version of NAT, internal damping is also included with a viscoelastic material model using fractional time derivatives. The modal balancing procedure is adapted to handle measurements outside of the critical speeds and the effect of the pre-bend on the rotor. The accuracy of the simulations is shown by comparing measured mode shapes and eigenvalues with values calculated with NAT. Furthermore, the first two modes of a rotor test bed are successfully balanced without trial runs.

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