DOI: 10.3390/pr11082254 ISSN: 2227-9717

Material Transport and Flow Pattern Characteristics of Gas–Liquid–Solid Mixed Flows

Juntong Chen, Man Ge, Lin Li, Gaoan Zheng
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Bioengineering

Flow pattern monitoring of gas–liquid–solid mixed flow has great significance to enhance the quality and efficiency of material mixing, and the material transport mechanism and dynamic control strategy are faced with significant challenges. To solve these problems, a computational fluid mechanics and discrete element method (CFD-DEM) coupling modeling and solving approach based on soft sphere and porous models is presented to explore material transport mechanisms. The user-defined function (UDF) is adopted to perform data communication, and the porosity of the porous model is calculated to achieve the bidirectional calculation of Eulerian fluid and Lagrange particle phases. Material transport processes of gas–liquid–solid mixed flows are discussed to explore material transport mechanisms of particle flow and the flow pattern evolution laws under the inflation control are obtained. The results show that the particles are not evenly distributed under the synergistic action of impeller rotation and inflation. The particles in the upper and lower impeller have similar characteristics along the radial direction, and there is an aggregation phenomenon in the impeller center. A certain degree of inflation enhances the macroscopic mixing process of turbulent vortices, promotes the particle suspension effect inside the container, and improves the material transport efficiency inside the mixing space. Relevant research results can provide theoretical references for the material transport mechanism, flow pattern tracking models, and energy transfer and can also provide technical support for chemical process separation, food processing, battery homogenate mixing, and other production processes.

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