DOI: 10.1111/jog.15785 ISSN:

Laparoscopic versus open radical hysterectomy in FIGO 2018 early‐stage cervical adenocarcinoma: Long‐term survival outcomes after propensity score matching

Zhaohong Yin, Zhumei Cui, Shan Kang, Mei Ji, Donglin Li, Biliang Chen, Xuemei Zhan, Weili Li, Ping Liu, Chunlin Chen
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology



To compare the long‐term survival outcomes of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) and open radical hysterectomy (ORH) in International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2018 early‐stage cervical adenocarcinoma.


Based on the clinical diagnosis and treatment for cervical cancer in mainland China (Four C) database, the medical records of 1098 patients with FIGO 2018 early‐stage cervical adenocarcinoma were retrospectively reviewed. Long‐term and short‐term survival outcomes of the two groups were compared using a multivariate Cox regression model and the log‐rank method in the whole study population and after propensity score matching.


There was no difference in disease‐free survival (hazard ratio [HR] 0.921, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.532–1.595, p = 0.770) and overall survival (HR 1.168, 95% CI: 0.526–2.592, p = 0.702) between LRH (n = 468) and ORH (n = 468) in the risk‐adjusted analysis. LRH resulted in significantly lower estimated blood loss (342.7 vs. 157.5 mL, p < 0.001) and shorter postoperative anal exhaust time (2.8 vs. 2.5 days, p < 0.001) in risk‐adjusted analysis. The overall rates of intraoperative complications (2.4% vs. 4.3%, p = 0.100) and postoperative complications (7.5% vs. 6.2%, p = 0.437) showed no significant difference between the two groups. However, the LRH group had a significantly higher incidence of ureter injury (0.4% vs. 2.4%, p = 0.012) and great vessel injury (0.0% vs. 0.9%, p = 0.045) compared to the other group. No statistical variation in the site of recurrence was observed between the two groups (p = 0.613).


LRH has comparable survival outcomes with ORH and was associated with earlier recovery in FIGO 2018 early‐stage adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. However, the LRH group had higher risk of ureter injury and great vessel injury.

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