DOI: 10.1126/science.ade6967 ISSN: 0036-8075

In vivo hematopoietic stem cell modification by mRNA delivery

Laura Breda, Tyler E. Papp, Michael P. Triebwasser, Amir Yadegari, Megan T. Fedorky, Naoto Tanaka, Osheiza Abdulmalik, Giulia Pavani, Yongping Wang, Stephan A. Grupp, Stella T. Chou, Houping Ni, Barbara L. Mui, Ying K. Tam, Drew Weissman, Stefano Rivella, Hamideh Parhiz
  • Multidisciplinary

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are the source of all blood cells over an individual’s lifetime. Diseased HSCs can be replaced with gene-engineered or healthy HSCs through HSC transplantation (HSCT). However, current protocols carry major side effects and have limited access. We developed CD117/LNP–messenger RNA (mRNA), a lipid nanoparticle (LNP) that encapsulates mRNA and is targeted to the stem cell factor receptor (CD117) on HSCs. Delivery of the anti–human CD117/LNP–based editing system yielded near-complete correction of hematopoietic sickle cells. Furthermore, in vivo delivery of pro-apoptotic PUMA (p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis) mRNA with CD117/LNP affected HSC function and permitted nongenotoxic conditioning for HSCT. The ability to target HSCs in vivo offers a nongenotoxic conditioning regimen for HSCT, and this platform could be the basis of in vivo genome editing to cure genetic disorders, which would abrogate the need for HSCT.

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