DOI: 10.3390/jmse11091721 ISSN:

In Situ Observation of Near-Surface Wind Seasonal Variation on the Southern Coast of Sri Lanka

Xuancheng Lu, Shuyun Huang, Dongxiao Wang, Yao Luo, Tilak Priyadarshana Gamage, P. B. Terney Pradeep Kumara
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

The characteristics of local surface wind are closely related to the assessment of wind power resources and the oscillation period of offshore wind turbines. In this research, we analyzed near-surface wind observation data from the southern coast of Sri Lanka, comparing the surface wind variation characteristics across different seasons. Through spectral analysis, we discuss the wind stability and oscillation period, aiming to provide information for the management strategies and oscillation issues of offshore wind turbines in the North Equatorial Indian Ocean to ensure their stable operation. Our findings showed that the Indian summer monsoon dominated the seasonal surface wind variation in the southern coast of Sri Lanka. The local monsoon period began in mid-May and ended in mid-October, during which stable southwest winds prevailed with an average maximum 10 m wind speed exceeding 6.0 m/s. In contrast, surface wind was unstable and weaker during autumn and winter. The surface wind speed exhibited a clear diurnal oscillation throughout the year. The wind speed power spectral density exhibited clear peaks at periods of 24 h, 12 h, and 6 h.

More from our Archive