Peilong Xu, Dan Lan, Fengyun Wang, Incheol Shin

In-Memory Computing Integrated Structure Circuit Based on Nonvolatile Flash Memory Unit

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Artificial intelligence has made people’s demands for computer computing efficiency increasingly high. The traditional hardware circuit simulation method for neural morphology computation has problems of unstable performance and excessive power consumption. This research will use non-volatile flash memory cells that are easy to read and write to build a convolutional neural network structure to improve the performance of neural morphological computing. In the experiment, floating-gate transistors were used to simulate neural network synapses to design core cross-array circuits. A voltage subtractor, voltage follower and ReLU activation function are designed based on a differential amplifier. An Iris dataset was introduced in this experiment to conduct simulation experiments on the research circuit. The IMC circuit designed for this experiment has high performance, with an accuracy rate of 96.2% and a recall rate of 60.2%. The overall current power consumption of the hardware circuit is small, and the current power consumption of the subtractor circuit and ReLU circuit does not exceed 100 µA, while the power consumption of the negative feedback circuit is about 440 mA. The accuracy of analog circuits under the IMC architecture is above 93%, the energy consumption is only about 360 nJ, and the recognition rate is about 12 μs. Compared with the classic von Neumann architecture, it reduces the circuit recognition rate and power consumption while meeting accuracy requirements.

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