DOI: 10.3390/computers12080153 ISSN: 2073-431X

Impact of the Implementation of ChatGPT in Education: A Systematic Review

Marta Montenegro-Rueda, José Fernández-Cerero, José María Fernández-Batanero, Eloy López-Meneses
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Human-Computer Interaction

The aim of this study is to present, based on a systematic review of the literature, an analysis of the impact of the application of the ChatGPT tool in education. The data were obtained by reviewing the results of studies published since the launch of this application (November 2022) in three leading scientific databases in the world of education (Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar). The sample consisted of 12 studies. Using a descriptive and quantitative methodology, the most significant data are presented. The results show that the implementation of ChatGPT in the educational environment has a positive impact on the teaching–learning process, however, the results also highlight the importance of teachers being trained to use the tool properly. Although ChatGPT can enhance the educational experience, its successful implementation requires teachers to be familiar with its operation. These findings provide a solid basis for future research and decision-making regarding the use of ChatGPT in the educational context.

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