DOI: 10.3390/horticulturae9121283 ISSN: 2311-7524

Impact of Gibberellic Acid on Water Status, Growth, and Development of Cape Gooseberry in Newly Reclaimed Sandy Lands within Arid Regions

Wael A. El-Tohamy, Hayriye Yildiz Dasgan, Nazim S. Gruda
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

In newly reclaimed sandy lands, plants face substantial environmental challenges, affecting their productivity, yield, and quality. Gibberellic acid (GA3) is a plant growth regulator physiologically involved in plant responses to abiotic stresses. As agricultural activities expand in desert regions, applications of GA3 could help address adverse plant growth and developmental effects. Here, we investigated the impact of exogenously applied GA3 on the growth of Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.) in newly reclaimed sandy lands in the arid Nubaria region of the West Delta of Nile, Egypt. Different GA3 concentrations of 100, 150, 200, and 250 ppm were foliar-applied to the plants. The application of GA3 in our study significantly improved the vegetative growth, plant height, leaf and branch count, and the fresh weight and yield of Cape gooseberry plants. Fruit weight, quality soluble solids, and leaf chlorophyll content were also improved. The most pronounced effects were achieved with concentrations of GA3 at 200 and 250 ppm, with the 200-ppm concentration displaying superiority in most parameters. Notably, GA3 treatments enhanced relative water content (RWC), an indicator of water status in arid conditions. Maintaining optimal RWC is crucial for essential processes like photosynthesis, promoting growth, and productivity. This research underscores GA3’s potential in enhancing Cape gooseberry growth, yield, and quality, providing a practical strategy for mitigating environmental challenges in arid regions, a concern exacerbated by climate change.

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