Alireza K. Somarin, Li Zhou, Guodong Zheng, Xiangxian Ma

Hydrothermal Mineralization and Mineral Chemistry of Arsenides and Sulfarsenides in the Fe-Co-Ni-As-S System and Introduction of Three Potential New Minerals, Port Radium Deposit, Canada

  • Geology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

The Port Radium U-Cu-Ni-Co-Ag deposit in northwestern Canada is hosted within a mineral system that has generated a variety of mineralization styles from iron oxide-copper-gold to iron oxide-apatite, porphyry, skarn, and epithermal. Their genesis is linked to an extensive subduction-related magmatism that formed widespread dacite-rhyodacite-andesite volcanic and volcanoclastic sequences (~1.87 Ga), which have been intruded by their equivalent intrusive plutons. Pervasive and intensive hydrothermal alterations, including albitic, magnetite-actinolite-apatite, potassic ± albitic, phyllic, and propylitic occurred before the main sulfide, sulfarsenide, and uraninite vein-type mineralization. Although scarce sulfide minerals formed at the beginning of the hydrothermal activity, the main polymetallic arsenide-sulfarsenide-sulfide ± uraninite vein-type mineralization occurred during the epithermal stage. In addition to the common arsenides and sulfarsenides including nickeline, cobaltite, rammelsbergite, safflorite, skutterudite, gersdorffite, and arsenopyrite, three unique and potential new sulfarsenides were also found: Co0.67Ni0.32Fe0.02S0.19As2.80, which could be a sulfur-rich skutterudite, Ni0.85Co0.15S0.39As1.60, and Ni0.69Co0.31S0.47As1.52, which are chemically comparable to the Port Radium rammelsbergite with substantial addition of S and Co; they could be the solid solution product of gersdorffite-cobaltite or safflorite-rammelsbergite.

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