DOI: 10.12968/jowc.2024.33.sup3a.lxix ISSN: 0969-0700

Healing an ischial tuberosity pressure ulcer in a patient with neurogenic heterotopic ossification: a case report

Shuntang Li, Qingwen Nong, Yajun Wu, Daen Liu
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)
  • Fundamentals and skills

Neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) is widely recognised as an aberrant bone formation in soft tissue following central nervous system injury. It is most frequently associated with pain and limited movement, especially in the hip. However, it may be neglected in patients with paraplegia with a pressure ulcer (PU). We report the case of an 18-year-old male patient who presented with a hard-to-heal ischial tuberosity PU and who had undergone three operations at other hospitals during the previous six months, which had failed to repair the PU. There was a history of paraplegia as a consequence of spinal cord injury two years previously. Computed tomography and three-dimensional reconstruction showed massive heterotopic ossification (HO) in the wound bed and around the right hip. Histological findings were consistent with a diagnosis of HO. The HO around the wound was completely excised, negative pressure wound therapy was used to promote granulation, and a gluteus maximus musculocutaneous flap was used to cover the wound. We conclude that for patients with paraplegia, with a hard-to-heal PU, it should be determined whether it is associated with NHO. Surgical resection of HO surrounding the wound and improving the microcirculation are critical for repair and reconstruction of these PUs.

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