DOI: 10.1111/iju.15264 ISSN: 0919-8172

Evaluation of sexual function after robot‐assisted radical prostatectomy: A farewell to IIEF questionnaire

Koji Shiraishi
  • Urology


Longevity with localized prostate cancer (PCa) has been achieved, and the contribution of robot‐assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) to cancer control is evident. The next step to investigate in the treatment of localized PCa is improvement of the quality of life (QOL) after RARP. Erectile dysfunction has been considered a major surgical complication, and patient satisfaction after RARP has not improved despite the development of nerve preservation and penile rehabilitation. To comprehensively understand sexual dysfunction after RARP, we must investigate other complications with regard to sexual health, including low sexual desire, disturbed orgasmic function (i.e., anejaculation, orgasm intensity, painful orgasm, and climacturia), shortening of penile length, penile curvature (Peyronie's disease) and unique psychological alterations after the diagnosis of PCa, which are neglected side effects after prostatectomy. In this context, routine evaluation of erectile function by the International Index of Erectile Function only is not sufficient to understand patients' difficulties. A questionnaire is just one way of enabling patients to evaluate their pre‐ and postoperative concerns; listening to patients face‐to‐face is warranted to detect symptoms. Understanding the relationship between symptoms and preserved nerve localization can ultimately provide an individualized nerve‐sparing procedure and improve patient satisfaction after RARP. In combination with psychological counseling, including the partner and medical treatment, such as testosterone replacement, it is time to reconsider ways to improve sexual dysfunction after RARP.

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