DOI: 10.1029/2023jg007521 ISSN: 2169-8953

Evaluation of Leaf‐To‐Canopy Upscaling Approaches for Simulating Canopy Carbonyl Sulfide Uptake and Gross Primary Productivity

Bin Chen, Pengyuan Wang, Shaoqiang Wang, Zhenhai Liu, Holly Croft
  • Paleontology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Soil Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Forestry


Carbonyl sulfide (COS) measurements provide an important mechanism for quantifying the terrestrial carbon and water cycles. Terrestrial photosynthesis can be inferred from vegetative uptake of COS due to the shared diffusion pathway of COS and CO2 into the chloroplasts. However, the efficacy of different leaf‐to‐canopy upscaling approaches for estimating plant COS uptake and photosynthesis at the canopy scale remains uncertain. In this study, the daytime canopy COS uptake rate (Fcosc) and gross primary productivity (GPP) were simulated using big leaf (BL), two big leaf (TBL) and two leaf (TL) upscaling approaches in the Boreal Ecosystem Productivity Simulator terrestrial biosphere model for two forest sites. We found that TL and TBL performed better than BL in estimating GPP as evaluated by the eddy covariance derived GPP at the studied sites. BL overestimated GPP and canopy stomatal conductance to COS (Gs_cos), resulting from the overestimation of canopy intercepted solar radiation. The positive biases of GPP by TBL could be attributed to the positive biases in GPP of shaded leaves by TBL. The results in this study demonstrate the improved accuracy in using TL for estimating GPP at the canopy scale. Improved leaf‐to‐canopy upscaling approach in terrestrial biosphere models will improve the accuracy of canopy COS uptake and GPP estimation on regional to global scales.

More from our Archive