DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202310535 ISSN: 1616-301X

Enhanced Transport Kinetics of Electrochromic Devices by W18O49 NW/Ti3C2Tx Composite Films

Muhammad Hassan, Abdul Ghaffar, Gang Lou, Ziang Miao, Zhengchun Peng, Kemal Celebi
  • Electrochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Biomaterials
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


Electrochromic devices can facilitate the realization of a wide set of future applications, ranging from energy‐saving windows to smart wearables and stealth. Historically, tungsten oxides have been the most studied materials for electrochromism, albeit with bottlenecks like limited conductivity, high charge transport barrier, and low ion diffusivity. Here, inspired by the recent MXene materials, the study has engineered an electrochromic composite of MXene nanosheets (Ti3C2Tx) and W18O49 nanowires (NWs). A transparent conductive electrode is fabricated by co‐assembly of Ag and W18O49NWs, followed by depositing W18O49 NW/Ti3C2Tx layers for the fabrication of the electrochromic device. The incorporation of Ti3C2Tx nanosheets enhances the transport of electrons and ions within the electrochromic layer, leading to a significant improvement in the electrochromic performance. Noteworthily, the film structure comprising 15 layers of W18O49 NW/Ti3C2Tx composite reveals enhanced transmittance modulation (61%), rapid response time (4.5 s coloration, 6.5 s bleaching), and high coloration efficiency (139.1 cm2 C−1). Moreover, the electrode also presents a high diffusion coefficient of Li+ and good cycling stability (96.66% after 250 switching cycles). Finally, a large‐scale (15 × 20 cm2) flexible electrochromic device with a solid electrolyte is successfully fabricated and utilized as a smart window and a flexible stealth patch.

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