DOI: 10.1063/5.0178546 ISSN: 0003-6951

Engineering lattice oxygen defects and polaronic transport in vanadium pentoxide via isovalent phosphorus doping

Tathagata Sarkar, Saptak Majumder, Soumya Biswas, Sona S. Rose, Vinayak Kamble
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Oxygen vacancies are equilibrium defects in the vanadium pentoxide system that give rise to polaronic hopping transport via V4+ charge compensating defect. In this paper, we report the tunability of polaron formation, the hopping process, and their magnetic signature by substitution of isovalent (5+) phosphorus ions in the V5+ site. The powder x-ray diffraction data show a monotonous shift in lattice parameters with progressive P-doping, confirming the presence of a substitutional dopant. The polaron hopping energy reduced from 0.307 to 0.290 eV depicting a lower defect concentration in P-doping in V2O5. At low temperatures, it is found to obey the Efros–Shklovskii variable range hopping mechanism. The estimated hopping range increased to 1.6 ± 0.1 nm in doped V2O5 in contrast to ∼1.3 nm in the undoped one. The electron spin resonance measurements show a diminishing broad ferromagnetic signal and rising paramagnetic signal (g = 1.97) with progressive P-doping depicting predominant isolated electronic spins in the doped sample. The same is corroborated in room temperature M–H with a distinct hysteresis that diminishes with P-doping and a rise of a paramagnetic slope. Moreover, the reduced oxygen defects and lower V4+ relative occupancy together with fermi level fall toward intrinsic position are substantiated by photoelectron emission studies.

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