DOI: 10.1142/s0218127424500172 ISSN: 0218-1274

Emergence of Hidden Strange Nonchaotic Attractors in a Rational Memristive Map

Premraj Durairaj, Sathiyadevi Kanagaraj, Zhigang Zheng, Anitha Karthikeyan, Karthikeyan Rajagopal
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

To exemplify the existence of hidden strange nonchaotic attractors (HSNAs) and transition mechanism, we consider a rational memristive map with additional force. We find that the four-torus bifurcates into the eight-torus through torus doubling as a function of the control parameter. Following that, the formation of strange nonchaotic attractors occurs when increasing the control parameter. As a result, it is clear that the suggested rational maps reach hidden chaotic attractors via HSNAs through the route of torus doubling to torus breakdown. The obtained dynamical transitions are validated further using bifurcation analysis and the largest Lyapunov exponents. In particular, the obtained HSNAs are confirmed through distinct statistical measures including 0–1 test and singular continuous spectrum.

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