DOI: 10.1029/2023wr034739 ISSN: 0043-1397

Effects of Periodic Fluctuation of Water Level on Solute Transport in Seasonal Lakes in Poyang Floodplain System

Hexiang Chen, Zhongtian Zhang, Guangqiu Jin, Hongwu Tang, Siyi Zhang, Qi Zhang
  • Water Science and Technology


Seasonal lakes appear in floodplain systems due to the seasonal variation of water level of rivers or main lakes and play an important ecological function. Previous studies have focused on exchange flux between the surface water and groundwater in seasonal lakes, but the process of solute transport at the sediment‐water interface under the effect of seasonal water level fluctuations remains unclear. In this study, laboratory flume experiments and numerical simulations were conducted to investigate non‐reactive solute transport and exchange in a seasonal lake under effects of hydrological connectivity, water level amplitude, sediment permeability and solute source. The results show that the recharge pattern between seasonal lakes and rivers or main lakes is determined by the seasonal water level. The solute transports from the groundwater of seasonal lakes to the main lake during the dry season, while the reverse applies during the wet season. The perennial hydrological isolation increases the concentration in the overlying water and pore water of the seasonal lake by 20.5% and 28.7%, respectively. The solute concentration in the overlying water and pore water of the seasonal lake decreases by 55.2% and 51.5%, respectively, when solute source occurs in the main lake compared with that occurs in the seasonal lake. The amplification of water level amplitudes leads to an increase of 6.46% and 10.55% in the solute concentration drop from the overlying water, respectively. These findings contribute to improving water resource utilization and protecting aquatic ecological environment in floodplain systems.

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