DOI: 10.1111/iwj.14773 ISSN: 1742-4801

Effects of high tibial osteotomy compared with unicondylar knee arthroplasty on the surgical site wound infection and pain in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis

Jingcheng Li, Yang Zhang, Yonghua Chen, Ying Li, Baifa Dai, Ping Liu
  • Dermatology
  • Surgery


This study aims to comprehensively compare the effects of unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) and high tibial osteotomy (HTO) on wound infection and pain in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis. A computerized search was conducted in Embase, PubMed, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Cochrane Library and Wanfang databases, from database inception to October 2023, for studies comparing UKA and HTO for medial knee osteoarthritis. Studies selection, data extraction and study quality evaluation were independently conducted by two researchers. Stata 17.0 software was employed for data analysis. Overall, 10 studies involving 870 patients with medial knee osteoarthritis were included. It was found that the UKA group had significantly lower wound visual analogue scale scores compared to the HTO group (SMD = ‐0.53, 95%CI: −0.87 to −0.20, p < 0.001). The incidence of wound infection in the UKA group was higher than in the HTO group (OR = 1.92, 95%CI: 0.65–5.69, p = 0.240), and the incidence of complications was lower (OR = 0.89, 95%CI: 0.52–1.54, p = 0.684), though these differences were not statistically significant. This study indicates that UKA is effective in alleviating postoperative wound pain in medial knee osteoarthritis. However, the rates of postoperative wound infection and complications are comparable to those of HTO. Clinicians should consider factors such as patient age and disease severity in making individualized treatment decisions.

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