DOI: 10.1177/07316844231225343 ISSN: 0731-6844

Effective mechanisms responsible for increased strength and fracture strain of carbon fiber-reinforced plastic/steel hybrid laminates

Arman Alikhani, Reza Jafari Nedoushan, Tohid Dastan, Peiman Mosaddegh, Woong-Ryeol Yu
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites

The tensile properties of carbon fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP)/steel laminates have been observed to exceed the expected values predicted by the rule of mixture. While the CFRP/steel laminate is expected to fail at the failure strain of the CFRP lamina, it was observed that hybridization with a steel lamina improves the failure strain. This study investigates numerically and analytically the roles of each influential mechanism responsible for this enhancement, including the thermal residual strain, bridging effect, effect of compressive transverse stress on CFRP layers, and effect of tensile transverse stress on steel layers. To assess these mechanisms, multiple finite-element and analytical models were developed. A mesoscale finite-element model was proposed, which uses novel random fiber distribution algorithm capable of reproducing random fibers with high fiber volume fractions exceeding 65%. Rather than the meso-scale model, macro finite-element models and analytical relationships were developed to assess each hybrid mechanism. Analysis showed 6% increase of the failure strain due to thermal effect and up to 11% increase of strength due to multiaxial stress in steel layer. The results of this study contribute to a deeper understanding of the role of each phenomenon that contributes to improved tensile properties in hybrid CFRP/metal laminates.

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