Jebasingh Immanuel Durai Raj, Ramamoorthy Iyer Balasubramaniyan Durairaj, Amaladas John Rajan, Praveen Barmavatu

Effect of e-waste nanofillers on the mechanical, thermal, and wear properties of epoxy-blend sisal woven fiber-reinforced composites

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

Abstract Lignocellulosic biomass extracted from plants that contain rich amounts of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin content can replace synthetic fibers in many engineering applications and is biodegradable. However, e-waste is rapidly evolving into one of the most serious environmental issues in the world owing to the presence of several toxic compounds that can contaminate the environment and pose a threat to human health. Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are one of the major components available in e-waste. In this research work, waste PCB (WPCB) powder is mixed in suitable proportions of 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% with a lignocellulosic sisal woven fabric fiber mat, and blended with epoxy resin using the vacuum-assisted hand lay-up method. To determine the effect of particle size on the fabricated composites, mechanical, thermal, water absorption, surface roughness, and wear tests were conducted. It was found that the composition that contains 15% nanofiller composites gave better results in mechanical testing than the composition that contains 10% microfiller composites. Pin-on disc wear test and differential scanning calorimetric thermal test results show that 10% microfiller composites show better outcome results than 15% nanofiller composites. Testing values indicate that lignocellulosic sisal fiber composites with WPCB nano- and microfillers can be substituted for many engineering applications instead of being disposed of in landfills.

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