DOI: 10.1111/all.16098 ISSN: 0105-4538

Disparities in pediatric anaphylaxis triggers and management across Asia

Agnes Sze Yin Leung, Elizabeth Huiwen Tham, Punchama Pacharn, Yuhan Xing, Hoang Kim Tu Trinh, Sooyoung Lee, Kangmo Ahn, Pantipa Chatchatee, Sakura Sato, Motohiro Ebisawa, Bee Wah Lee, Gary Wing Kin Wong,
  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy



The epidemiology and management of anaphylaxis are not well‐reported in Asia.


A regional pediatric anaphylaxis registry was established by the Asia‐Pacific Research Network for Anaphylaxis (APRA), using standardized protocols for prospective data collection, to evaluate the triggers and management of anaphylaxis in the Asia‐Pacific region. Pediatric patients below 18 years presenting with anaphylaxis across four Asian countries/cities (Thailand, Singapore, Hong Kong (HK), and Qingdao) were included. Allergen triggers, symptoms, anaphylaxis severity, and management were compared.


Between 2019 and 2022, 721 anaphylaxis episodes in 689 patients from 16 centers were identified. The mean age at anaphylaxis presentation was 7.0 years (SD = 5.2) and 60% were male. Food was the most common trigger (62%), particularly eggs and cow's milk in children aged 3 years and below. In school‐age children, nut anaphylaxis was most common in HK and Singapore, but was rare in the other countries, and wheat was the top allergen in Bangkok. Shellfish anaphylaxis was most common in children aged 7–17. Adrenaline was administered in 60% of cases, with 9% given adrenaline before hospital arrival. Adrenaline devices were prescribed in up to 82% of cases in Thailand but none in Qingdao.


The APRA identified food as the main trigger of anaphylaxis in children, but causative allergens differed even across Asian countries. Fewer than two‐thirds of cases received adrenaline treatment, pre‐hospital adrenaline usage was low, and adrenaline device prescription remained suboptimal. The registry recognizes an unmet need to strengthen anaphylaxis care and research in Asia‐Pacific.

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