Zhi‐Feng Xiu, Yu‐Zhang Ma, Qing‐He Zhang, Zan‐Yang Xing, Shun‐Rong Zhang, Yong‐Liang Zhang, Kjellmar Oksavik, Larry Lyons, Michael Lockwood, Yong Wang

Direct Observation of the Space Hurricane Disturbed Polar Thermosphere

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • Geophysics

AbstractThe space hurricane is a three‐dimensional magnetic vortex structure with strong flow shears and electron precipitation in the polar cap. This study investigates for the first time how a space hurricane disturbs the polar thermosphere. During the formation and development of the space hurricane, the directional reversal of the horizontal neutral wind and the plasma convection will both be relocated from the poleward auroral oval boundary to the edge of the space hurricane, but the neutral wind responds slower compared to the plasma convection. Strong flow shears in the space hurricane causes enhanced Joule heating in the polar cap, which heats the thermosphere and triggers Atmospheric Gravity Waves (AGWs). Statistical results reveal that significant AGWs mainly are located on the dawnside of the space hurricane, suggesting that the space hurricane plays a significant role in ion‐neutral coupling and generation of polar cap AGWs.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive