Le Ngoc Son, Nguyen The Duc, Sumihiko Murata, Phan Ngoc Trung

Automatic History Matching for Adjusting Permeability Field of Fractured Basement Reservoir Simulation Model Using Seismic, Well Log, and Production Data

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

Developing automatic history matching (AHM) methods to replace the traditional manual history matching (MHM) approach in adjusting the permeability distribution of the reservoir simulation model has been studied by many authors. Because permeability values need to be evaluated at hundreds of thousands of grid cells in a typical reservoir simulation model, it is necessary to apply a reparameterization technique to allow the optimization algorithms to be implemented with fewer variables. In basic reparameterization techniques including zonation and pilot point methods, the calibrations are usually based solely on the production data with no systematic link to the geological and geophysical data, and therefore, the obtained permeability distribution may be not geologically consistent. Several other reparameterization techniques have attempted to preserve geological consistency by incorporating 4D seismic data; however, these techniques cannot be applied to our fractured basement reservoirs (FBRs) as they do not have 4D seismic data. Taking into account these challenges, in this study, an AHM methodology and workflow have been developed using a new reparameterization technique. This approach attempts to minimize the potential for geological nonconsistency of the calibrated results by linking the permeability to geophysical data. The proposed methodology can be applied to fields with only traditional geophysical data (3D seismic and conventional well logs). In the proposed workflow, the spatial distributions of seismic attributes and geomechanical properties were calculated and estimated from 3D seismic data and well logs, respectively. After that, a feed-forward artificial neural network (ANN) model trained by the back-propagation algorithm of the relationship between initial permeability with seismic attributes and geomechanical properties of their grid cell values is developed. Then, the calibration of the permeability distribution is performed by adjustment of the ANN model. Modification of the ANN model is performed using the simultaneous perturbation stochastic approximation (SPSA) algorithm to calibrate transmission coefficients in the ANN model to minimize the discrepancy between the simulated results and observed data. The developed methodology is applied to calibrate the permeability distribution of a simulation model of Bach Ho FBR in Vietnam. The effectiveness of the methodology is evident by comparing the historical matches with an available manually history-matched simulation model. The application shows that the proposed methodology could be considered as a suitable practical approach for adjusting the permeability distribution for FBR reservoir simulation models.

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