Sekyoung Park, Jin Do Huh

Differentiation of bone metastases from benign red marrow depositions: utilizing qualitative and quantitative analysis of conventional T1-weighted imaging and fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • General Medicine

Abstract Objectives To distinguish bone metastases (BMs) from benign red marrow depositions (BRMs) by qualitative and quantitative analyses of T1-weighted imaging and fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging (T2 FS). Methods For 75 lesions including 38 BMs and 37 BRMs, two radiologists independently evaluated magnetic resonance images by qualitative (signal intensity [SI] of lesions compared to that of normal muscle [NM] or normal bone marrow [NBM]) and quantitative (parameters of the region of interests in the lesions, including T1 ratio [T1 SI ratio of lesion and NM], T2FMu ratio [T2 FS SI ratio of lesion and NM], and T2FMa ratio [T2 FS SI ratio of lesion and NBM]) analyses. Results Hyperintensity relative to NM or NBM on T2 FS was more frequent in BMs than in BRMs (100% vs 59.5%-78.4%, respectively; P ≤ 0.001) but also was present in more than half of BRMs. All quantitative parameters showed a significant difference between BMs and BRMs (T1 ratio, 1.075 vs 1.227 [P = 0.002]; T2FMu ratio, 2.094 vs 1.282 [P < 0.001]; T2FMa ratio, 3.232 vs 1.810 [P < 0.001]). The receiver operating characteristics areas under the curves of T2FMu and T2FMa ratios were clinically useful (0.781 and 0.841, respectively) and did not demonstrate statistically significant differences. Conclusions The quantitative analysis of T2 FS facilitates distinguishing between BMs and BRMs, regardless of whether the reference was NM or NBM. Advances in knowledge Quantitative parameters derived from T2 FS facilitate differentiation of BMs BRMs without additional scans. The role of NBM as an internal standard for T2 FS to differentiate between BMs and BRMs is similar to that of NM.

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