Maury L. Hull, Alexander Simileysky, Stephen M. Howell

Differences in Trochlear Morphology of a New Femoral Component Designed for Kinematic Alignment from a Mechanical Alignment Design

  • Bioengineering

Because kinematic alignment (KA) aligns femoral components in greater valgus and with less external rotation than mechanical alignment (MA), the trochlear groove of an MA design used in KA is medialized, which can lead to complications. Hence, a KA design has emerged. In this study, our primary objective was to quantify differences in trochlear morphology between the KA design and the MA design from which the KA design evolved. The KA and MA designs were aligned in KA on ten 3D femur-cartilage models. Dependent variables describing the morphology of the trochlea along the anterior flange, which extends proximal to the native trochlea, and along the arc length of the native trochlea, were determined, as was flange coverage. Along the anterior flange, the KA groove was significantly lateral proximally by 10 mm and was significantly wider proximally by 5 mm compared to the MA design (p < 0.0001). Along the arc length of the native trochlea, the KA groove was significantly lateral to the MA design by 4.3 mm proximally (p ≤ 0.0001) and was significantly wider proximally by 19 mm than the MA design. The KA design reduced lateral under-coverage of the flange from 4 mm to 2 mm (p < 0.0001). The KA design potentially mitigates risk of patellofemoral complications by lateralizing and widening the groove to avoid medializing the patella for wide variations in the lateral distal femoral angle, and by widening the flange laterally to reduce under-coverage. This information enables clinicians to make informed decisions regarding use of the KA design.

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