Nuray Üremiş, Meral Aslan, Elif Taşlidere, Elif Gürel

Dexpanthenol exhibits antiapoptotic and anti‐inflammatory effects against nicotine‐induced liver damage by modulating Bax/Bcl‐xL, Caspase‐3/9, and Akt/NF‐κB pathways

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Toxicology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biochemistry
  • General Medicine

AbstractChronic tobacco use can lead to liver damage and inflammation due to the accumulation of various toxins in the body. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the molecular mechanisms of nicotine‐induced liver injury, the caspase cascade, and the Akt/NF‐κB signaling pathway, as well as the protective effects of dexpanthenol (DEX). Male rats were subjected to intraperitoneal injections of nicotine at a concentration of 0.5 mg/kg/day and/or DEX at a concentration of 500 mg/kg/day for 8 weeks. After the treatment period, liver function tests were conducted on serum samples, and tissue samples were analyzed for protein levels of Akt, NF‐κB, Bax, Bcl‐xL, Caspase‐3, and Caspase‐9, along with histopathological changes. Additionally, assessments of oxidative stress markers and proinflammatory cytokines were carried out. Nicotine administration led to elevated levels of IL‐6, IL‐1β, MDA, TOS, and oxidative stress index, accompanied by decreased TAS levels. Moreover, nicotine exposure reduced the p‐Akt/Akt ratio, increased NF‐κB, Bax, Caspase‐3, and Caspase‐9 protein levels, and decreased the antiapoptotic protein Bcl‐xL levels. DEX treatment significantly mitigated these effects, restoring the parameters to levels comparable to those of the control group. Nicotine‐induced liver injury resulted in oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis, mediated by Bax/Bcl‐xL, Caspase‐3, Caspase‐9, and Akt/NF‐κB pathways. Conversely, DEX effectively attenuated nicotine‐induced liver injury by modulating apoptosis through NF‐κB, Caspase‐3, Caspase‐9, Bax inhibition, and Bcl‐xL activation.

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