Samsiah ., Sudarmin ., Nuni Widiarti

Development of Teaching Modules Containing Ethnoscience Material on Forms of Substances and Their Changes to Improve the Scientific Literacy of Elementary School Students

  • General Mathematics

This research was carried out based on the results of observations, teacher interviews in the process of teaching and learning activities, it was found that teachers had not used teaching modules containing ethnoscience, which had an impact on low scientific literacy and student learning outcomes. This research aimed to design a teaching module containing ethnoscience regarding the form of matter and its changes in class V of elementary school. The research method used is the research and Development (R&D) method with the 4D Development model (Define, Design, Develop and Disseminate). This research was carried out at the Jebus 15 State Elementary School with small-scale tests in class VI with a total of 17 students and large-scale tests in class V with a total of 30 students. In addition to Developing teaching modules containing ethnoscience on material on the form of substances and their changes, this research purpose also to analyze the increase in effectiveness of using teaching modules containing ethnoscience on material on the forms of substances and their changes in increasing the scientific literacy of students being Developed. Data and collection techniques in this research include questionnaires, tests and documentation. This research instrument was carried out by first analyzing the results of trials on a small-scale including validity, reliability, level of difficulty and differentiability of questions. The data analysis technique used a prerequisite test and then an N-Gain test is carried out to determine the increase in students' scientific literacy abilities. The results of research on large-scale tests can be concluded that there was a significant increase in scientific literacy abilities from the application of teaching modules containing ethnoscience regarding the forms of substances and their changes. The results of the pre-test classical completeness test data analysis gained a score of 10% after implementing the teaching module containing ethnoscience material on the form of substances and the change increased to 90% in the Post-test score. The results of the increased N-Gain test gained an average N-Gain value of 0.71 in the high category. Keywords: Teaching modules, Ethnoscience, Science Learning, Scientific literacy.

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