Wenjun Liang, Mingxia Yang, Xiaohua Wang, Yan Qian, Ruichen Gao, Yujia Shi, Xuejun Shi, Lei Shi, Ting Xu, Qian Zhang

Deubiquitylase USP31 Induces Autophagy and Promotes the Progression in Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells by Stabilizing E2F1 Expression

  • Cancer Research
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology
  • Oncology

Background: Autophagy exerts a vital role in the progression of lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 31 (USP31) has recently been found to be involved in the development of a variety of cancers. However, whether USP31 modulates autophagy in LUSC remains unclear. Methods: This study revealed that high levels of USP31 were discovered in LUSC tissue samples employing the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database, quantitative real- time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot analysis. Cell proliferation was tested via cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) as well as colony formation, demonstrating that USP31-stable knockdown reduced cell viability. Results: Immunofluorescence analysis illustrated that USP31 knockdown blocked the occurrence of LUSC autophagy. Meanwhile, USP31 has been shown to stabilize the expression of E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1) through the proteasome pathway. Furthermore, overexpressed E2F1 effectively eliminated the effect of USP31 knockdown on LUSC cell proliferation and autophagy. Conclusion: In summary, this investigation proved that USP31 promoted LUSC cell growth and autophagy, at least in part by stabilizing E2F1 expression, which provided a potential therapeutic gene for the treatment of LUSC. other: None.

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