DOI: 10.3390/gidisord6010020 ISSN: 2624-5647

Detection of Ulcerative Colitis Lesions from Weakly Annotated Colonoscopy Videos Using Bounding Boxes

Safaa Al-Ali, John Chaussard, Sébastien Li-Thiao-Té, Éric Ogier-Denis, Alice Percy-du-Sert, Xavier Treton, Hatem Zaag
  • Gastroenterology
  • Oncology
  • Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)
  • Hepatology

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease characterized by bleeding and ulcers in the colon. Disease severity assessment via colonoscopy videos is time-consuming and only focuses on the most severe lesions. Automated detection methods enable fine-grained assessment but depend on the training set quality. To suit the local clinical setup, an internal training dataset containing only rough bounding box annotations around lesions was utilized. Following previous works, we propose to use linear models in suitable color spaces to detect lesions. We introduce an efficient sampling scheme for exploring the set of linear classifiers and removing trivial models i.e., those showing zero false negative or positive ratios. Bounding boxes lead to exaggerated false detection ratios due to mislabeled pixels, especially in the corners, resulting in decreased model accuracy. Therefore, we propose to evaluate the model sensitivity on the annotation level instead of the pixel level. Our sampling strategy can eliminate up to 25% of trivial models. Despite the limited quality of annotations, the detectors achieved better performance in comparison with the state-of-the-art methods. When tested on a small subset of endoscopic images, the best models exhibit low variability. However, the inter-patient model performance was variable suggesting that appearance normalization is critical in this context.

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