O. G. Turutanov, A. M. Korolev, V. I. Shnyrkov, A. P. Shapovalov, M. Baránek, S. Kern, V. Yu. Lyakhno, P. Neilinger, M. Grajcar

Design of deeply cooled ultra-low dissipation amplifier and measuring cell for quantum measurements with a microwave single-photon counter

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

The requirements and details of designing a measuring cell and low-back-action deeply-cooled amplifier for quantum measurements at 10 mK are discussed. This equipment is a part of a microwave single-photon counter based on a superconducting flux qubit. The high-electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) in the amplifier operate in unsaturated microcurrent regime and dissipate only 1 μW of dc power per transistor. Simulated amplifier gain is 15 dB at 450 MHz with a high-impedance (≈ 5 kΩ) signal source and standard 50-Ω output.

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