Zhenyu Li, Zhiyong Liu, Yuemao Shen, Chengwu Shen

Design and Synthesis of 6-amido-3-carboxypyridazine Derivatives as Potent T3SS Inhibitors of Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhimurium

  • Drug Discovery

Background:: Salmonella enterica (S. enterica) serovar Typhimurium, an anaerobic enteric pathogene, could cause human and animal diseases ranging from mild gastroenteritis to whole body serious infections. Objective:: The goal of this paper was to synthesize new 6-amido-3-carboxypyridazine derivatives with different lengths of side chains with the aim of getting potent antibacterial agents. Methods:: Synthesized compounds were analyzed by analytical techniques, such as 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectra, and mass spectrometry. We designed a series of novel 6-amido-3-carboxypyridazines using FA as the lead compound with the scaffold hopping strategy and their inhibitory activity against the effectors of type III secretion system (T3SS) using SDS-PAGE and western blot analysis for two rounds. Also, the preliminary mechanism of action of this series of compounds on T3SS was investigated using real-time qPCR. Results:: Nine 6-amido-3-carboxypyridazines were synthesized. The results of the inhibitory activities evaluated showed that compound 2i was the most potent T3SS inhibitor, which demonstrated potent inhibitory activities on the secretion of the T3SS SPI-1 effectors in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, the transcription of SPI-1 may be affected by compound 2i through the SicA/ InvF regulatory pathway. Conclusion:: The novel synthetic 6-amido-3-carboxypyridazines could act as potent leads for the development of novel antibacterial agents.

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